The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
International debt contracts can incorporate—at least implicitly—contingencies governing debt reduction. This paper examines a series of debt contracts that allow for the possibility of rescheduling, forgiveness, and rescheduling with forgiveness. The contract with both rescheduling and forgiveness permits a higher credit ceiling than other types of debt contracts, and contains features found in the HIPC and other recent debt reduction initiatives. If an adverse state of nature occurs, some of the debt is forgiven, a portion is rescheduled, and the remainder is repaid. At the same time, the debtor country is a net recipient of new loans.