The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
This paper examines the propagation of monetary shocks in a two-good optimizing macromodel where domestic banking activity is costly and the non-tradable sector is highly dependent on domestic bank credit, as in most emerging market economies. The model develops the Bernanke-Blinder “credit view” of the monetary transmission mechanism along classical lines, with no Keynesian rigidities being imposed and the only sources of “imperfection” arising from deposit and credit-in-advance constraints. Using numerical simulations, we show that such a relatively simple model goes a long way toward explaining some key “stylized facts” of recent financial crises.