The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
The paper examines the effects of increased financial integration on the economy and, specifically, the welfare of depositors and the business sector. A simple model of a small open economy with a fragile banking sector and imperfect capital mobility is developed. Increased international integration of the market for bank deposits makes runs on banks more likely and unambiguously hurts the domestic business sector. Depositors may gain or lose depending on the parameters. Even when depositors gain, the overall effect on the economy depends on the size of foreign assets held relative to the costs of bank crises.