The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
In this paper a simple optimizing model is developed to analyze the implications of a banking crisis. Banks are incorporated by assuming that they intermediate funds between firms and households. It is shown that when depositors perceive the quality of deposits to have deteriorated, they switch from deposits to cash. Because of the higher cost of liquidity, consumption, M2 and the M2 multiplier decline, interest rates on deposits and loans increase and output contracts. The findings of the paper match the key stylized facts of banking crises.