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Breaking the Oil Spell

The Gulf Falcons' Path to Diversification

This book discusses efforts by GCC countries to diversify their economies, and takes lessons from other countries that have generated long-term growth.

Fiscal Monitor, April 2017

Achieving More with Less

Analyzes the latest public finance developments, updates medium-term fiscal projections, and assesses policies to put public finances on a sustainable footing.

AFFORNORD
			: Effects on Ecosystems, Landscape and Rural Development

AFFORNORD : Effects on Ecosystems, Landscape and Rural Development »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Bjarni Didrik Sigurdsson , Gudmundur Halldorsson , and Edda Sigurdis Oddsdottir

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289317184

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, AFFORNORD, Afforestation, Ecosystems, Nordic Countries, Biodiversity, Landscape Dynamics

The Nordic project AFFORNORD studied the effects of afforestation on ecosystems, landscape and rural development in the years 2004-2006. Forests play a major role in the environment and economy of the Nordic countr...

Africa
			: Adjustment to the Challenges of Globalization

Africa : Adjustment to the Challenges of Globalization »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758293.071

ISBN: 9781557758293

Keywords: banking, expenditure, trade liberalization, civil service, banking system

Sub-Saharan Africa needs much faster economic growth and more effective economic, financial, and social policies if it is to make up for lost ground and reduce the number of people living in abject poverty. Edited...

Africa and the International Monetary Fund
			: Papers Presented at a Symposium Held in Nairobi, Kenya, May 13-15, 1985

Africa and the International Monetary Fund : Papers Presented at a Symposium Held in Nairobi, Kenya, May 13-15, 1985 »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934614.071

ISBN: 9780939934614

Keywords: balance of payments, central bank, terms of trade

Edited by G.K. Helleiner, this volume contains the proceedings of a symposium jointly sponsored by the Association of African Central Banks and the IMF that was held in Nairobi, Kenya, in May 1985....

Africa on the Move
			: Unlocking the Potential of Small Middle-Income States

Africa on the Move : Unlocking the Potential of Small Middle-Income States »

Series: Books

Author(s): Lamin Leigh , and Ali Mansoor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513588605.071

ISBN: 9781513588605

Keywords: Economic growth, Infrastructure, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Economic development, Poverty eradication, environment, employment, bank, unemployment, labor

This book describes the reforms needed to move small middle-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa to advanced-economy status. The result of intense discussions with public officials in the countries covered, the b...

African Finance in the Twenty-First Century

African Finance in the Twenty-First Century »

Series: Books

Author(s): Genevieve Verdier , and Marc Quintyn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780230580503.071

ISBN: 9780230580503

Financial sector development in sub-Saharan Africa continues to lag behind the rest of the world, despite some recent positive achievements. There is a growing consensus that financial development fosters economic...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015
			: Sub-Saharan Africa

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015 : Sub-Saharan Africa »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 October 2015

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513562490.086

ISBN: 9781513562490

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa; commodity exporters; oil-exporting countries; competitiveness; trade integration; income inequality; gender inequality

Growth in sub-Saharan Africa has weakened after more than a decade of solid growth, although this overall outlook masks considerable variation across the region. Some countries have been negatively affected by fall...

Aftermath of the CFA Franc Devaluation

Aftermath of the CFA Franc Devaluation »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Stéphane Cossé , Johannes Mueller , Jean Le Dem , and Jean Clément

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755612.084

ISBN: 9781557755612

Keywords: central bank, central banks, monetary policy, inflation, money market

Developments in the countries of the CFA franc zone in the aftermath of the January 1994 devaluation of the CFA franc are reviewed in this paper. Following a summary of the new adjusment strategy, the papers descri...

Age at retirement by educational background in Nordic countries

Age at retirement by educational background in Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289326667

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Labour Force, Nordic Countries, Retirement Age, Absent Additional Pension Policy Changes, Educational Level, Field of Study

The labour force in Nordic countries will change over the next few years. Absent additional pension policy changes, a majority of working persons age 50 and older will retire by 2020. Average retirement age varies...

Aggregation of indicators for biological diversity in the Nordic countries
			: Proceedings and recommendations from the workshop at Tune Landboskole, Denmark, 29 - 30 March 2006

Aggregation of indicators for biological diversity in the Nordic countries : Proceedings and recommendations from the workshop at Tune Landboskole, Denmark, 29 - 30 March 2006 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Gudmundur A. Gudmundsson , Ari-Pekka Auvinen , Anders Glimskär , Gregor Levin , Bo Normander , and Odd Stabbetorp

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9789289313711

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Common Goal, Biodiversity, Species Abundance, Species Composition, Habitat Structure, Nordic Biodiversity Index

The Nordic countries have a common goal to halt the decline in biological diversity by 2010. Indicators and indices are important tools to describe the development in biodiversity and hence evaluate the 2010-target...

Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934683.084

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and improving life expectancy has created major segm...