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Regional Economic Outlook, November 2017, Europe

Europe Hitting Its Stride

The European recovery is strengthening and broadening appreciably. Real GDP growth is projected at 2.4 percent in 2017, up from 1.7 percent in 2016, before easing to 2.1 percent in 2018.

IMF Financial Operations 2016

Describes the IMF's financial organization, policies and lending arrangements, and financial statements, reflecting all policy decisions through April 2016.

Guinea- Bissau
			: Selected Issues Paper

Guinea- Bissau : Selected Issues Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2017/381

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484333198.002

ISBN: 9781484333198

Keywords: Guinea-Bissau, Sub-Saharan Africa

Selected Issues Paper...

Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe
			: Third and Fourth Reviews under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, Extension of the Arrangement, and Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe

Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe : Third and Fourth Reviews under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, Extension of the Arrangement, and Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe »

Volume/Issue: 2017/382

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484333266.002

ISBN: 9781484333266

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa

The economy is expected to grow at a steady pace of 4 percent in 2017, albeit slower than projected at the second review. Over the medium term, growth is projected to accelerate to 51/2 percent, spurred by tourism,...

Togo
			: First Review under the Extended Credit Facility-Press Release; and Staff Report

Togo : First Review under the Extended Credit Facility-Press Release; and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/379

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484333075.002

ISBN: 9781484333075

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa, Togo

Context: Growth is projected to hover around 5 percent and inflation to remain within the WAEMU convergence criteria of 3 percent during the 2017-19 program period. The authorities have started the fiscal consolida...

Cote d'Ivoire
			: Second Reviews under an Arrangement under the Extended Credit Facility and the Extended Arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility-Press Release; Staff Report

Cote d'Ivoire : Second Reviews under an Arrangement under the Extended Credit Facility and the Extended Arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/372

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484332580.002

ISBN: 9781484332580

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa

Context. Meeting the demands of mutinous soldiers and striking civil servants secured social peace and stability. The authorities tightened security measures to address sporadic attacks on police and security insta...

The Impact of Fiscal Consolidations on Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

The Impact of Fiscal Consolidations on Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2017/281

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francisco Arizala , Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia , Charalambos Tsangarides , and Mustafa Yenice

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484333112.001

ISBN: 9781484333112

Keywords: Africa, Africa, Growth, fiscal consolidations, fiscal multipliers, local projections, General

This paper examines the output effects of changes in public expenditure and revenue in sub-Saharan African countries during 1990-2016. Fiscal multipliers in sub-Saharan Africa are somewhat smaller than those in adv...

Sovereign Risk and Bank Risk-Taking

Sovereign Risk and Bank Risk-Taking »

Volume/Issue: 2017/280

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anil Ari

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484333051.001

ISBN: 9781484333051

Keywords: Financial crises, Banking crises, Risk-taking, Financial constraints, Sovereign debt crises, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, General, International Lending and Debt Problems, Government Policy and Regulation

I propose a dynamic general equilibrium model in which strategic interactions between banks and depositors may lead to endogenous bank fragility and slow recovery from crises. When banks' investment decisions are n...

Job Protection Deregulation in Good and Bad Times

Job Protection Deregulation in Good and Bad Times »

Volume/Issue: 2017/277

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Duval , Davide Furceri , and João Tovar Jalles

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484333013.001

ISBN: 9781484333013

Keywords: Structural Reforms, Labor Market, Deregulation, Employment Protection; Growth; Employment, Employment Protection, Growth, Employment, Labor Economics Policies, Labor Force and Employment, Size

This paper explores the short-term employment effect of deregulating job protection for regular workers and how it varies with prevailing business cycle conditions. We apply a local projection method to a newly con...

International Commodity Prices and Domestic Bank Lending in Developing Countries

International Commodity Prices and Domestic Bank Lending in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2017/279

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Isha Agrawal , Rupa Duttagupta , and Andrea Presbitero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484333044.001

ISBN: 9781484333044

Keywords: Commodity prices, Developing countries, Bank lending; Commodity prices; Macro-financial linkages; Developing countries, Bank lending, Macro-financial linkages, General, International Lending and Debt Problems, Global Commodity Crises

We study the role of the bank-lending channel in propagating fluctuations in commodity prices to credit aggregates and economic activity in developing countries. We use data on more than 1,600 banks from 78 develop...

Identical Twins? Destination-Based Cash-Flow Taxes Versus Consumption Taxes with Payroll Subsidies

Identical Twins? Destination-Based Cash-Flow Taxes Versus Consumption Taxes with Payroll Subsidies »

Volume/Issue: 2017/276

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benjamin Carton , Emilio Fernández Corugedo , and Benjamin Hunt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484332993.001

ISBN: 9781484332993

Keywords: tax policy; business taxation, financial accelerator, dynamic stochastic general equilibrium models; macroeconomic interdependence, tax policy, business taxation, dynamic stochastic general equilibrium models, macroeconomic interdependence, Forecasting and Simulation, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

The Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal model (GIMF) is a multi-region, forward-looking, DSGE model developed by the Economic Modeling Division of the IMF for policy analysis and international economic research....

Firms and the Decline in Earnings Inequality in Brazil

Firms and the Decline in Earnings Inequality in Brazil »

Volume/Issue: 2017/278

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Alvarez , Felipe Benguria , Niklas Engbom , and Christian Moser

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484333037.001

ISBN: 9781484333037

Keywords: Brazil, Western Hemisphere, Earnings Inequality, Linked Employer-Employee Data, Firm and Worker Heterogeneity, Productivity, Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis

We document a large decrease in earnings inequality in Brazil between 1996 and 2012. Using administrative linked employer-employee data, we fit high-dimensional worker and firm fixed effects models to understand th...