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Gender Diversity in Senior Positions and Firm Performance
			: Evidence from Europe

Gender Diversity in Senior Positions and Firm Performance : Evidence from Europe »

Volume/Issue: 2016/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lone Engbo Christiansen , Huidan Lin , Joana Pereira , Petia Topalova , and Rima Turk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513553283.001

ISBN: 9781513553283

Keywords: Gender diversity, senior management, firm performance, gender, women, female intensity, labor force, productivity, General, Economics of Gender

This paper examines the link between gender diversity in senior corporate positions and financial performance of 2 million companies in Europe. We document a positive association between corporate return on assets...

Unlocking Female Employment Potential in Europe
			: Drivers and Benefits

Unlocking Female Employment Potential in Europe : Drivers and Benefits »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lone Engbo Christiansen , Huidan Lin , Joana Pereira , Petia Topalova , and Rima Turk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513562513.087

ISBN: 9781513562513

Keywords: Corporate governance, Gender equality, Labor force participation, Labor force policy, Output growth, women, labor force, gender, participation, labor

With an aging population and declining productivity growth, Europe faces serious challenges to raising its output growth. Adding to these challenges are the various gender gaps in the labor market. Despite signific...

Catalyst for Change
			: Empowering Women and Tackling Income Inequality

Catalyst for Change : Empowering Women and Tackling Income Inequality »

Volume/Issue: 2015/20

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Christian Gonzales , Sonali Jain-Chandra , Kalpana Kochhar , Monique Newiak , and Tlek Zeinullayev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513533384.006

ISBN: 9781513533384

Keywords: Income inequality, Women, Income distribution, Gender, Labor force participation, female labor force participation, gender equity, inequality, gender inequality, labor force

This study shows empirically that gender inequality and income inequality are strongly interlinked, even after controlling for standard drivers of income inequality. The study analyzes gender inequality by using an...

What Can Boost Female Labor Force Participation in Asia?

What Can Boost Female Labor Force Participation in Asia? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yuko Kinoshita , and Fang Guo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498329750.001

ISBN: 9781498329750

Keywords: female labor force participation, fertility, labor market duality, employment, labor, labor force, female labor, regular employment, Labor Economics Policies, Economics of Gender

Both Japan and Korea are trying to boost female labor force participation (FLFP) as they face the challenges of a rapidly aging population. Though FLFP has generally been on a rising trend, the female labor force...

Women, Work, and the Economy
			: Macroeconomic Gains from Gender Equity

Women, Work, and the Economy : Macroeconomic Gains from Gender Equity »

Volume/Issue: 2013/10

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Katrin Elborgh-Woytek , Monique Newiak , Kalpana Kochhar , Stefania Fabrizio , Kangni Kpodar , Philippe Wingender , Benedict Clements , and Gerd Schwartz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475566567.006

ISBN: 9781475566567

Keywords: Developed countries, Employment, Emerging markets, Labor markets, Gender equality, Fiscal policy, Women

The proposed SDN discusses the specific macro-critical aspects of women’s participation in the labor market and the constraints that prevent women from developing their full economic potential. Building on e...

Finance & Development, June 2013

Finance & Development, June 2013 »

Volume/Issue: 50/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484388754.022

ISBN: 9781484388754

Keywords: international capital markets, capital markets, international capital, gender equality

This paper highlights that one of the most dramatic developments in the 20th century was the entry of women into economic and political spheres previously occupied almost exclusively by men. Although women are maki...

Guinea-Bissau
			: Second Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Guinea-Bissau : Second Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2011/353

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463928506.002

ISBN: 9781463928506

Keywords: hiv/aids, pregnant women, maternal mortality, girls, gender issues

This paper reports on the economic and financial reforms in Guinea-Bissau. After a long period of recession since the beginning of 2000 followed by a slight recovery in 2007, the economy of Guinea-Bissau has entere...

Liberia
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy:  Progress Report

Liberia : Poverty Reduction Strategy: Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2010/194

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455202461.002

ISBN: 9781455202461

Keywords: girls, rape, civil service, court, civil service reform

Liberia made slow progress on the implementation of the Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS). The impact of the global economic crisis affected implementation and slowed the pace of growth. With the development of the...

Finance & Development, June 2007

Finance & Development, June 2007 »

Volume/Issue: 44/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 June 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451953824.022

ISBN: 9781451953824

Keywords: international monetary fund, gender, girls, gender equality, gender disparities

The June 2007 issue of F&D spotlights gender equality. The lead article discusses progress toward fulfilling the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) on redressing gender discrimination and empowering women and relate...

Gender Budgeting

Gender Budgeting »

Volume/Issue: 2006/232

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864922.001

ISBN: 9781451864922

Keywords: Gender budgeting, government budgets, gender inequalities, gender inequality, gender issues, National Budget,

Women are disadvantaged relative to men, according to key economic, social, and political measures of equality, but in many areas, such as education, differences are narrowing. The concept of externalities underlie...