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Budget Classification

Budget Classification »

Volume: 09

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Dominique Bouley , Davina Jacobs , and Jean-Luc Hélis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462343478.005

ISBN: 9781462343478

Keywords: Governance, budget, budget classification, chart of accounts, government finance statistics, poverty-reducing expenditure, program budgeting, public financial management, revenues, budget classification system

This technical note analyzes the importance of a budget classification system. It highlights that budget classification is one of the fundamental building blocks of a sound budget management system, as it determine...

Educating Children in Poor Countries

Educating Children in Poor Countries »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Eva Jenkner , and Arye Hillman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062436.051

ISBN: 9781589062436

Keywords: primary education, primary school, schooling, school enrollment, school attendance

In an ideal world, primary education would be universal and publicly financed, and all children would be able to attend school regardless of their parents' ability or willingness to pay. In many poor countries, how...

Honduras's Growth Performance During 1970-1997

Honduras's Growth Performance During 1970-1997 »

Volume/Issue: 1999/1

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): V. Juan-Ramon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974874.003

ISBN: 9781451974874

Keywords: Economic growth, Investment, Honduras, Honduras, Productivity, growth, input productivity, human capital, investment composition, education

For more than three decades, Honduras’s average annual growth in real per capita GDP has been almost zero and highly uneven, even though its total investment-to-GDP ratio has been relatively large. This pape...

China
			: Economic Reform and Macroeconomic Management

China : Economic Reform and Macroeconomic Management »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Gyorgy Szapary , Steven Dunaway , David Burton , and Mario Bléjer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752024.084

ISBN: 9781557752024

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, state enterprises, monetary fund, price level

China encountered problems preserving economic stability while pursuing reforms aimed at increasing its economic flexibility and efficiency. This paper examines China's experience with market-oriented reforms since...

Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934683.084

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and improving life expectancy has created major segm...

Aspects of the International Banking Safety Net

Aspects of the International Banking Safety Net »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): G. Johnson , and Richard Abrams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1983

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750587.084

ISBN: 9781557750587

Keywords: banking, deposit insurance, banking system, international banks, national bank

During the 1970s, international lending by banks came to play a dominant role in the flow of international finance. In the early 1980s, banks have continued to play a major role, but the recent evidence of strains...